New Zealand has a second free trade agreement with Australia – AANZFTA – between New Zealand, Australia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). In most cases, you are better off using the ERC to export goods to Australia. Since 1983, there have been many agreements and MoUs (MoUs) between Australia and New Zealand. The aim was to reduce regulatory barriers to cross-Tasman trade and to harmonize domestic policy. The main developments were: on 14 December 1982, the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand signed an agreement on RECs that allowed the agreement to enter into force from 1 January 1983. The contract itself was signed on March 28, 1983.3 In December 2014, Peter Dutton took over as Australia`s Minister of Immigration and Border Management following a cabinet reshuffle.  In the same month, the Australian government amended the Immigration Act, which makes it easier to cancel Australian visas for non-citizens who have spent more than 12 months in an Australian prison or if immigration authorities consider them a threat to the country. This more rigorous test is also aimed at non-citizens who have lived most of their lives in Australia and have a family there. Since July 2018, about 1,300 New Zealanders have been deported as part of the new „character test.”    Among the deported New Zealanders were at least 60 per cent of the Maori and Pacific Islander ethnic group. While Australian officials have justified the deportations for legal and regulatory reasons, New Zealand officials have said such measures undermine the „historic kinship” between the two countries.  The first international cable landing on New Zealand soil took place in 1876 from Perouse, New South Wales, to Wakapuaka, New Zealand. Most of this cable was renewed in 1895 and removed from circulation in 1932.
A second trans-Tasman submarine cable was laid in 1890 between Sydney and Wellington, New Zealand, and in 1901 the Norfolk Island Pacific Cable landed in Doubtless Bay, north of North Island. In 1912, a 2,270 km cable was laid from Sydney to Auckland.  All of these free trade agreements now operate at the same time as the AANZFTA, in addition to Singapore`s close economic partnership (2000). In July 1962, the two countries also set up communication via coaxial cables placed under water and the joint venture TASMAN, installed in 1975.  They were retired in 1983 by the installation of an analog submarine cable connecting Australia`s Bondi Beach to Takapuna, New Zealand, via Norfolk Island, which was in turn supplemented by the TASMAN-2 fibre optic cable, installed in 1995 between Paddington, New South Wales and Whenuapai (Auckland), and eventually overtaken.  AANZFTA was the first multi-lateral free trade agreement negotiation launched by New Zealand and Australia as a common party.